Darwin's Childhood Influences
“For they that are after the flesh do mind the things of the flesh; but they that are after the Spirit the things of the Spirit.”
There is an abiding myth that Charles Darwin began life as a Bible-believing Christian and only left the faith because of the evidence he saw during his famous voyage on the Beagle. Like many myths, this one has very little truth in it.
Charles Darwin’s paternal grandfather was Erasmus Darwin. He had published his own version of a theory of evolution in a book called Zoonomia. Erasmus Darwin’s book was published in 1794 – 15 years before Charles’s birth. Erasmus’s son Robert inherited many of his father’s views. Socially, he was profoundly pro-liberal, anti-Tory, and, according to Janet Browne, author of a major biography of Charles Darwin, Robert Darwin was “at heart probably an atheist.” The views of these two prior generations cannot have been unknown to the young Charles.
Many would object that the boy Charles was probably influenced more by his mother, Suzannah, who was a pious church-goer. However, the church she attended was the Unitarian Church in Shrewsbury – a denomination which denies essential tenets of the Christian faith, such as the inerrancy of Scripture and the deity of Jesus Christ. The pastor of the Unitarian Church, William Case, operated a school in his house which Charles attended in his formative years. Moreover, Suzannah’s father was Josiah Wedgwood of pottery fame, who, along with Erasmus, was a member of the Lunar Society, dedicated to bringing the French Revolution to England.
Charles was not responsible for these prior generations, but it defies logic to suppose that he was not influenced by them. Our conclusion has to be that Charles Darwin was never a genuine Christian believer.
“Gone Contemporary” is the title of an article by Dave Mallinak exposing the error and danger of the contemporary music philosophy that is spreading rapidly among Independent Baptists. We commend the entire report, which has links to Independent Baptist contemporary worship services and a video dialogue between Josh Teis and Robert Bakss, author of Worship Wars. Following is an excerpt from the report that gets to the heart of the issue and rightly calls for separation from those who are committed to the contemporary philosophy: “The contemporary music push is the death rattle of a dying church. This style of worship is not becoming more popular because we are becoming more faithful. In our attempt to pander to the audience, we have forgotten that God is the audience. God now bores us. The more dependent we become on this kind of external approach to worship, the more we lose the very heart of worship. Eventually, Christians will find that they must have the contemporary kind of music or they cannot worship. Contemporary worship turns the audience into spectators and the music into a performance. It produces a low view of God, a delight in the experience of worship rather than the God we worship, a superficial sense of passion that loses the passion of true worship, a growing dependence on the experience produced by the music itself, and the false idea that worship is easy, that devotion can be whipped up in a couple of choruses. True worship is challenging--it requires focus and diligence and depth, all things that CCM discourages. Musical style indicates what a church thinks of God. Scripturally, we cannot pretend to be in good fellowship with churches who have chosen relevance over reverence. So, while we do not attempt to dictate the way another church should worship, we most certainly do have a God-given responsibility to determine the limits of our fellowship. The claim that musical style is nothing more than a preference choice demonstrates just how relativistic these men have become. They have purposely ignored the study of music theory. They believe that we should only need to study the Bible to see what kind of style is required. They remind us, somewhat condescendingly, that the Bible says nothing about syncopation or ‘beat anticipation.’ So saying, they purposely ignore the clear message musical style sends about the occasion of worship. Their determined know-nothingness aside, style still informs us about the meaning of the occasion. Movie producers understand this. Most people know what music is appropriate for weddings, funerals, classy restaurants, backyard barbecues, military parades and basketball games. These men believe we can drag any style into the worship service, slap some sacred lyrics onto it, and somehow ‘redeem it.’ Style is the meaning. The music, dress, and trendy look of the contemporary Independent Baptists tell us less about their view of style and so much more about their view of God. The same can be said for most events. The way we dress and the music we play tells more about the way we view the event than it does about the way we view style.” Dave Mallinak’s report “Gone Contemporary” can be found at the following link - villagesmithysite.wordpress.com/2018/08/31/gone-contemporary/
Friday Church News Notes, September 7, 2018, www.wayoflife.org, firstname.lastname@example.org, 866-295-4143
Darwin's Preservation of Favored Races
“And hath made of one blood all nations of men for to dwell on all the face of the earth, and hath determined the times before appointed, and the bounds of their habitation;”
There seems little doubt in my mind that Charles Darwin was a racist. The full, long title of his most famous book was The Origin of Species by Means of Natural Selection or the Preservation of Favored Races in the Struggle for Life. In Darwin’s defense, it is often argued that many English people of his time were racist. That is true, to a limited extent, but only because most people of the time had not come into contact with people of other races. Darwin had indeed met other peoples during his famous voyage on the Beagle. Darwin’s view of the Fuegian people in South America, for example, was more than just European chauvinism. He wrote:
I could not have believed how wide was the difference between savage and civilised man. Viewing such men, one can hardly make oneself believe that they are fellow-creatures, and inhabitants of the same world. It is a common subject of conjecture what pleasure in life some of the lower animals can enjoy: how much more reasonably the same question may be asked of these barbarians!
That Darwin’s attitude was not necessarily typical is shown by the view of explorer William Parker Snow, who wrote:
Many of the Fuegians on the Eastern Islands were fine and some of them even handsome fellows. This I know to be rather different to what Mr. Darwin says of them: but I can only speak as I found, and thus mention what I myself saw.
Snow knew that all people are descended from Adam. A biblical viewpoint is anathema to racism.
Michael W. Smith, one of the most influential contemporary Christian musicians, led a concert last week in Nashville that he believes “will be the beginning of the next great awakening through the US. and the world” (“Singer to Fulfill Prophecy over Nashville,” The Christian Post, Aug. 29, 2018). The concert, called “Surrounded: A Night to Pray, Worship and Be Awakened,” was held in partnership with TBN (Trinity Broadcasting Network), which has spewed out heresy and worldliness since its founding by Paul Crouch in 1973. Smith claims that the concert is the result of “dreams and visions.” One of the major goals is to break down “all denominational lines,” which is the reason that Contemporary Christian Music is one of the chief elements in the building of the apostate “one world church.” It is impossible to obey God’s Word and at the same time strive for Christian unity in an hour when the vast, vast majority of churches are either totally apostate or deeply compromised with the world, the flesh, and the devil. It is impossible to earnestly contend for the faith once delivered unto the saints, which is a command of God, and at the same time to strive for ecumenical unity. Michael W. Smith and his compatriots are deeply confused, tragically deceived people. The bottom line is that Contemporary Christian Music is just rock & roll, and there is nothing spiritual about it.
Friday Church News Notes, September 7, 2018, www.wayoflife.org, email@example.com, 866-295-4143
Molecules on the Back of Crystals
“And God said, Let the earth bring forth the living creature after his kind, cattle, and creeping thing, and beast of the earth after his kind: and it was so.”
One instinctively wants to be as fair as possible to the science philosopher Dr. Michael Ruse. Although an atheist, he usually goes out of his way in his writings and broadcasts to be as fair to Christians as he feels is possible. In fact, he has for that reason been highly critical of fellow atheist Professor Richard Dawkins, suggesting that he does not give serious theologians the credit that they deserve.
That having been said, Ruse is, we stated, an atheist. He is also an evolutionist. In the well-known documentary movie Expelled: No Intelligence Allowed, narrator Ben Stein asked Ruse how non-living molecules could become a living cell. Ruse famously responded that one theory which he liked is that molecules got together on the back of crystals. Stein, who is a humorist at heart, pounced on this comment and asked how life could have happened. Ruse seemed to get a little exasperated as he replied, “I just told you – on the back of crystals.”
Ruse was referring to the problem of order in DNA, which provides the code for life. There must be some way of demonstrating that order can be produced from disorder. In order to do this, Ruse refers to crystals because a crystal structure also has order.
The problem with Ruse’s hypothesis is that the order in DNA differs from that in crystals. Crystalline order does not involve the input of information as does the arrangement of sugar-base pairs in DNA. Ruse needs a naturalistic answer to the problem of life but has not found it.
Aretha Franklin Christianity
Aretha Franklin’s death and funeral have been the focus of news reports worldwide over the past three weeks. In my teen years I was captivated by her incredibly sensual hit songs, such as “Respect,” which took the airwaves by storm in 1967, the year I graduated from high school. Known as the “Queen of Soul,” she was eulogized as “a musical titan, an American icon, a legend.” The tributes at her funeral in the Greater Grace Temple of Detroit stretched on for eight hours. In attendance were former presidents, prominent pastors, civil rights leaders, entertainment stars, and sports heroes. It was a fitting celebration for a singer who so perfectly represented the spiritual character of America and its churches. She stood for syncretism and ecumenism: the merging of Christ and the world, the blending of spirituality and sensuality, the amalgamation of holy and sexy, the yoking of sacred and secular, the integration of the church with the filthy pop culture, the friendship of truth with error. Her funeral exuded this spirit even in the choice of songs, from the sacred “What a Friend We Have in Jesus” to the worldly “You Make Me Feel Like a Natural Woman.” In reality, this mixture philosophy is confusion and wickedness and heresy. It is the Christianity that America loves (whether it goes by the name of Baptist or evangelical or charismatic or emerging or whatever), but it is no kind of true Christianity. It is the Christianity of end-time apostasy, of the one-world “church.” The Lord Jesus Christ taught that “no man can serve two masters” and “ye cannot serve God and mammon” (Matthew 6:24). It is impossible. It is a lie. Any “christ” who commends such a thing is a false christ. Any preacher who preaches such a thing is a wolf in sheep’s clothing. The Bible commands separation from the world, the flesh, and the devil (Galatians 5:17; Ephesians 5:11; James 4:4; 1 John 2:15-17). It forbids the yoking together of believers with unbelievers, the fellowship of righteousness with unrighteousness, the communion of light with darkness, the concord of Christ with Belial (2 Corinthians 6:14-15). Aretha was the daughter of a Baptist pastor who used his God-given talent (known as the man with “the million dollar voice”) to serve mammon and destroyed his marriage by infidelities. She was at the forefront of breaking down biblical barriers between Christ and the world, and the entire field of Contemporary Christian Music has exactly the same philosophy. Her producer, Jerry Wexler, said Aretha’s song “Spirit in the Dark” was a “perfect R&B blend of the sacred and the secular. It’s Aretha conducting church right in the middle of a smoky nightclub. It’s everything to everyone.” But this is impossible. There is no “church” in the middle of a nightclub unless that “church” calls the nightclub to repentance, but Aretha and her music called no one to repentance. Christ is a friend of sinners, but Christ called men to repentance from sin in the sharpest language. He said, “Except ye repent, ye shall all likewise perish,” and He repeated it for emphasis (Luke 13:3, 5). He warned men of eternal hellfire, and He repeated that, too, for emphasis (Mark 9:43-48). That kind of preaching would put a quick end to any worldly party, but that is the true Christ of Scripture. He is the Friend of Sinners, but He is also “holy, harmless, undefiled, separate from sinners” (Hebrews 7:26). He is the Saviour, but He is also the Judge. He is the Lamb of God who came to atone for man’s sin (John 1:29), but He is also the Lamb who will pour out “the wine of the wrath of God upon the impenitent (Revelation 6:16; 14:10). This is not the message that America hears from the vast majority of its “reverends” today, but they are no reverends at all. Reverend means holy, and they know nothing of holiness. They are the blind leading the blind, and all will fall into the ditch of eternal destruction. God says to the Aretha Franklin crowd, “Ye adulterers and adulteresses, know ye not that the friendship of the world is enmity with God? whosoever therefore will be a friend of the world is the enemy of God” (James 4:4).
Friday Church News Notes, September 7, 2018, www.wayoflife.org, firstname.lastname@example.org, 866-295-4143
“Sir Isaac Newton once said, ‘In the absence of any other proof, the thumb alone would convince me of God’s existence.’ In his book Fearfully and Wonderfully Made, Dr. Paul Brand, who was one of the foremost hand surgeons in the world, testifies to the wonder—the miracle—of the human body. Dr. Brand explained that although many people think that fat serves no significant purpose, it does on the hand. ‘Underneath the skin in the palm of the hand lie globules of fat with the look and consistency of tapioca pudding. Fat globules, so soft as to be almost fluid, cannot hold their own shape, and so they are surrounded by interwoven fibrils of collagen, like balloons caught in a supporting rope net where stress occurs, such as on the palm of the hand, fat is tightly gathered and enveloped by fibrous tissue in a design resembling fine Belgian lace.’ When you grasp a hammer in the palm of your hand, each ‘cluster of fat cells changes its shape in response to the pressure. It yields but cannot be pushed aside because of the firm collagen fibers around it. The resulting tissue, constantly shifting and quivering, becomes compliant, fitting its shape and its stress points to the precise shape of the handle of the hammer. Engineers nearly shout when they analyze this amazing property, for they cannot design a material that so perfectly balances elasticity with viscosity.’ The skin of the hand is also well suited to the task of gripping and handling different kinds of objects. Dr. Brand wrote, ‘If my skin tissue had been made harder, I might insensitively crush a goblet of fine crystal as I hold it in my hand; if softer, it would not allow a firm grip.’ Another remarkable feature of a normal hand is its sensitivity. Dr. Brand states, ‘A normal hand can distinguish between a smooth plane of glass and one etched with lines only 1/2500 of an inch deep.’ The fingertips have the ability to detect a difference of just three milligrams. How extraordinary it is that the hand should be so well-suited for its purpose through all of these amazing features and abilities. Was this the product of chance or the creation of God?”
Craig Beidler, “Proof of God in the Palm of Your Hand,” The Real Truth, Dec. 20, 2009
Researchers studying the tools used by “Neanderthals” have discovered that they started fires using flint. Archaeologist Andrew Sorensen, of Leiden University in the Netherlands, said, “I recognized this type of wear from my earlier experimental work. Being able to make their own fire gives the Neanderthals much more flexibility in their lives. It’s a skill we suspected, but didn't know for sure they possessed” (“Neanderthals could start their own fires,” UPI, Jul. 19, 2018). This is the latest finding debunking former Darwinist claims that Neanderthal was a grunting cave man. In 1907, Ernst Haeckel, Charles Darwin’s chief disciple in Germany, described Neanderthal as a pre-human and placed him between Pithecanthropus (Java man) and Homo Australis, which he called “the lowest race of recent man.” Prominent French paleontologist Marcellin Boule believed that Neanderthal was a branch of ape-men that became extinct without giving rise to “modern humans.” He believed that Neanderthal walked stooped over, with a bent-knee shuffling gait, and had “only the most rudimentary articulate language” (Fossil Men, 1957, p. 251). In 1930, Frederick Blaschke modeled a Neanderthal family in a cave setting, based on Boule’s interpretation. They were stooped, half-clothed, clutching bones, and had very stupid expressions. This was set up as a permanent display in the Field Museum of Natural History in Chicago and was copied in countless textbooks, encyclopedias, journals, popular magazines and newspapers, and museums. This is the view that prevailed for nearly half a century, but it was not science; it was myth-making based on presumption and speculation. Since the 1960s, Neanderthal has gradually been humanized. Neanderthal has even been reclassified as Homo sapiens neanderthalensis, a type of “modern man.” It is now admitted that Neanderthals had a sophisticated culture (cared for the sick and elderly, buried their dead, practiced religion), made medicine, used a wide variety of tools, used adhesive, made bone awls or needles, built walled habitations, made hearths for cooking and warmth, made ornaments and figures out of bone, teeth, ivory, and polished wood, and played flutes with the seven-note musical system found in western music (Marvin Lubenow, Bones of Contention, pp. 239-244, 254-257). Have evolutionists apologized for the error they perpetrated on the world? Not in the least. In fact, it was two full decades before the Chicago Field Museum corrected its influential but grossly misleading display. As Melvin Lubenow says in Bones of Contention, “It was not until the mid-1970s that the Field Museum removed their old display of the apish Neanderthals and replaced them with the tall, erect Neanderthals that are there today. What did they do with the old display? Did they throw it on the trash heap where it belonged? No. They moved the old display to the second floor and placed it right next to the huge Apatosaurus dinosaur skeleton where more people than ever--especially children--would see it. They labeled it ‘An alternative view of Neanderthal.’ It was not an alternate view. It was a wrong view. So much for the self-correcting mechanism in science as far as Neanderthal is concerned.”
Friday Church News Notes, August 31, 2018, www.wayoflife.org, email@example.com, 866-295-4143
Dominion, Not Domination
“And God said, Let us make man in our image, after our likeness: and let them have dominion over the fish of the sea, and over the fowl of the air, and over the cattle, and over all the earth, and over every creeping thing that creepeth upon the earth.”
Sir David Attenborough, brother of the actor and director Richard Attenborough, is a famous British broadcaster of natural history TV documentaries. He is a convinced atheist. He once expressed his dislike for Christian belief by talking about what the Bible says in Genesis 1:26.
Attenborough misquoted this verse. He read it as “the natural world is there for you to dominate, you have dominion of the animals and plants of the world.” He sees this domination as a bad thing. He said:
That basic notion – that the world is there for us, and if it doesn’t serve our purposes it’s dispensable – has produced the devastation of vast areas. We have assumed that we can build a house on it, dig it up, put tarmac over it; that’s OK because it’s there for us. In finding solutions to our ecological problems we have to understand evolutionary processes.
What he is not understanding is that the word used is not dominate, but dominion. This has a whole different set of connotations. Of course, it does mean that God has set human beings in control. But it also implies a stewardship of the world by people – that we are to take care of it and preserve it. Stewardship implies a management responsibility, to be taken seriously by prayer for God’s glory.
Human Evolution Dates Change Again
“What is man, that thou art mindful of him? and the son of man, that thou visitest him? For thou hast made him a little lower than the angels, and hast crowned him with glory and honour.”
There are constant changes to the dates given for human evolution. That is why articles on human evolution often use phrases such as “This has changed the way we think about human evolution!”
In another Creation Moment, we commented on evolutionists’ ideas that so-called modern humans, migrating out of Africa, had met with neanderthals and interbred with them at earlier dates than they previously thought. We commented that these two groups were actually both full humans, and failure to consider neanderthals in that way was actually akin to certain racist ideas.
Many creationists at the time thought that this would lead to evolutionary “discoveries” that would put the Out-of-Africa migration to an earlier date. And, lo and behold, a recent international study, led by Tel Aviv University, has done just that.
This recent study focuses on some human remains found in the Misliya Cave in Israel. A human jawbone has been found. Dating methods have suggested that the jaw is between 175,000 and 194,000 years old. Smart mathematicians will realize that this gives a margin of error of 11% – much higher than should occur with real science experiments. Nevertheless, the ScienceDaily website suggests that this is 40,000 years older than the previous oldest human remain found outside Africa.
That this discovery should be made now is not a surprise. Moreover, the dating of these remains, as with other bones, is highly presuppositional. It seems that evolutionists wanted an earlier date than they had, so they have now achieved it. But neither date makes sense in the light of the chronology of the Bible.
The average Independent Baptist church is moving toward the world and a contemporary stance at a fast pace. We have been warning about this for a long time, but most preachers have their heads in the sand, and the problem grows worse by the year. Many men who should know better continue to support schools that are producing contemporary preachers who are starting contemporary churches, all the while pretending that they don’t support a contemporary stance. Consider Coastline Baptist Church of Oceanside, California, which is pastored by Steve Chappell, the brother of Paul Chappell, senior pastor of Lancaster Baptist Church, Lancaster, California, and head of West Coast Baptist College. Paul’s son Matt, who started the contemporary Rock Hill Church in Fontana, California, in 2017, was youth pastor at Coastline for a few years after he left Lancaster and was thus mentored both by Paul and Steve. Paul ordained Matt for the new church plant on April 25, 2016, and tweeted praise for the new work. In a blog at the founding of Rock Hill, Paul Chappell tweeted, “Thankful to hear from our son Matt tonight how the Lord is already working as they are planting Rock Hill Baptist Church in Fontana, CA.” (The name “Baptist” rarely appears in connection with the church and appears to be trotted out for show.) Robert Bakss, an out-and-out rock & roll pastor with an emerging philosophy who has caused a lot of confusion in Australian Independent Baptist churches, spoke at Coastline on February 5 of 2017. ( See Baptist Church on a Slippery Slope , available in print or as a free eBook from www.wayoflife.org . Read the Pdf now .) On Coastline’s website under “Our Team,” the ministers share their favorite super heroes. Worship Pastor Ryan Gass’s is Wolverine; Assistant Pastor Jon Telles’ is Captain America; Student Ministries Pastor J.J. Mordh’s is Batman; Spanish Pastor Jairo Dominguez’s is Spiderman; Office Secretary Lisa Chappell’s is Wonder Woman. This type of thing is a huge green light for church youth to immerse themselves in worldly, sensual things that are forbidden by God’s Word (Ephesians 5:11; 1 John 2:15-16). No wonder most churches have thrown away godly, modest dress standards when the minds of the leaders are filled with such cheap garbage. (See also Fantasy Dangers , a free eBook available from www.wayoflife.org . Read the PDF now .)
Art for Cavemen's Sake
“Therefore is the name of it called Babel; because the LORD did there confound the language of all the earth: and from thence did the LORD scatter them abroad upon the face of all the earth.”
The concept of so-called cave art is not new. Some of the most notable cave galleries are in southern France. The peoples producing such art are often referred to as mesolithic. A recent discovery at Scarborough – a seaside resort in northern England – has shed some new light on the abilities of these people. Among the peat deposits, archaeologists have discovered what they think is a 10,000-year-old ochre crayon. It is possible that such a crayon might have been used for decorating their clothes of animal skins.
The soft ochre pebble has clearly been manually scraped and sharpened. Ochre gives a vibrant red color and is said, in a number of scientific articles, to have been used widely by hunter-gatherer societies because of its ability to be applied to animal skin. Researchers involved in studying the Scarborough find stated, “The latest discoveries helped further our understanding of Mesolithic life.” This is the sort of phrase frequently used in evolutionary articles when finds are difficult to assimilate to existing paradigms.
From a creationist perspective, we do not accept the 10,000 year date, though it seems likely that these people got to what is now England in ancient post-Flood times. We suggest they are the descendants of Japheth, migrating west through Europe, after the incident at Babel in Genesis 11. The confusion over how such supposedly primitive people could have such fine art makes sense to creationists. They had the civilization to produce fine art, but were not yet sufficiently established in the area for building more permanent technology.
“At a recent ‘Rise up for Roe’ rally protesting the appointment of U.S. Supreme Court nominee Brett Kavanaugh, Chelsea Clinton credited Roe v. Wade with adding $3.5 trillion to the U.S. economy. In the years following Roe v. Wade, she said, ‘American women entering the labor force added three and a half trillion dollars to our economy. Right?’ Unfortunately, her answer is wrong. In fact, abortion has taken the lives of 61.4 million Americans since it was first decriminalized in 1967--an estimated half of them women. But instead of adding $3.5 trillion to the economy, that loss of lives has caused a cumulative GDP deficit of $62.6 trillion that continues to climb with each passing year. By 2040, that cumulative deficit will likely reach $400 trillion. This is based on extensive research on the economic impact of abortion over the last 25 years, using my experience over the previous 30 years as a market researcher and consultant to major corporations. Basically, I use the same tools as government agencies such as the Bureau of Labor Statistics, and, yes, even data from the Alan Guttmacher Institute, a subsidiary of Planned Parenthood. There is no smoke and mirrors about it. When you remove 61.4 million people from the population who would have lived productive lives for an average of 78 years, the losses pile up year after year.”
Dennis Howard, “Chelsea Clinton,” LifeNews.com, Aug. 16, 2018
Remember to Eat to Remember
“Take thou also unto thee principal spices, of pure myrrh five hundred shekels, and of sweet cinnamon half so much, even two hundred and fifty shekels, and of sweet calamus two hundred and fifty shekels, and of cassia five hundred shekels, after the shekel of the sanctuary, and of oil olive an hin: and thou shalt make it an oil of holy ointment, an ointment compound after the art of the apothecary: it shall be an holy anointing oil.”
Two things happen to you that make you realize you are getting older. The first is that you start to lose your memory, and… I can’t remember what the second one is.
One thing that I do remember, however, is my favorite food! I just love Indian food, and that is very helpful because scientists at UCLA have discovered that turmeric – the spice which gives Indian curries their bright colors – can actually improve memory among certain older people. Turmeric contains a substance called curcumin, which is known to have anti-inflammatory and antioxidant properties.
The researchers carried out a double-blind, placebo-controlled study involving 40 adults between the ages of 50 and 90 years who had mild memory complaints. Participants received either the placebo or curcumin twice a day for 18 months. Over the 18 months, participants in the curcumin group performed 28% better in cognitive memory tests than they had done before the experiment, whereas negligible change was noticed among the placebo takers.
Anecdotal evidence has suggested that senior citizens in India suffer less memory loss than many in Western societies. Dr. Gary Small from UCLA said, “Exactly how curcumin exerts its effects is not certain, but it may be due to its ability to reduce brain inflammation, which has been linked to both Alzheimer’s disease and major depression.”
When I am next enjoying a chicken jalfrezi with pilau rice, it will be worth pausing to recall how God has placed such useful materials in the world around us. At least, I shall, if I remember.
Selectively citing studies, the alcohol industry heavily promotes the idea that moderate drinking has health benefits, but a massive new study by the Institute for Health Metrics at the University of Washington has found that any benefits from drinking are outweighed by the harm. Dr. Max Griswold, lead researcher, says, “We have found that the combined health risks associated with alcohol increase with any amount of alcohol” (“Study shows women in Ireland have three alcoholic drinks a day,” RTE, Ireland’s national public service broadcaster, Aug. 24, 2018). “The scientists pooled together data from 592 studies with a total of 28 million participants to assess the global health risks associated with alcohol.” “Each year, 2.2% of women and 6.8% of men die from alcohol-related health problems including cancer, tuberculosis and liver disease. Other harmful consequences from drinking alcohol included accidents and violence. Worldwide, drinking alcohol was the seventh leading risk factor for overall premature death and disease in 2016, the study found.”
Friday Church News Notes, August 31, 2018, www.wayoflife.org, firstname.lastname@example.org, 866-295-4143
A Transpiration of Delight
“For ye shall go out with joy, and be led forth with peace: the mountains and the hills shall break forth before you into singing, and all the trees of the field shall clap their hands.”
On certain days, especially in the morning, you can drive by a forested area and see the mist rising from hundreds of trees. Water vapor that has evaporated from the leaves has started to condense into visible droplets. It is an awesome sight! Truly a transpiration of delight!
Transpiration is that process whereby water is moved around green plants. From tiny shoots to enormous trees, plants need to get water to every part of their structure. Plants will take water in mostly through the roots. Water is needed throughout the plant but especially in the leaves, where it is one of the two raw materials for photosynthesis. Generally speaking, the roots of a plant are in the ground and the leaves are higher up. That means that the water must be made to move upwards, against gravity. This is especially noticeable when the plant is a tree.
Water can move through the plant in capillaries, but there has to be some mechanism to pump the water upwards. That mechanism is transpiration. Water is able to evaporate through stomates under the leaves because of the energy available from sunlight and lower atmospheric concentrations of water vapor, and, in the process, carbon dioxide can get into the leaves through the same stomates, which are basically like little holes, providing doorways into the leaves.
There is some debate as to whether transpiration causes the opening of the stomates or whether the carbon dioxide entering the leaves triggers the transpiration. Either way, this has all the appearance of a mechanism designed by God, and it works exactly as it was designed.